How We Can Make the World a Better Place by 2030 | Michael Green | TED Talks

How We Can Make the World a Better Place by 2030 | Michael Green | TED Talks

Do you think the world is going
to be a better place next year? In the next decade? Can we end hunger, achieve gender equality, halt climate change, all in the next 15 years? Well, according to the governments
of the world, yes we can. In the last few days,
the leaders of the world, meeting at the UN in New York, agreed a new set of Global Goals for the development of the world to 2030. And here they are: these goals are the product
of a massive consultation exercise. The Global Goals are who we,
humanity, want to be. Now that’s the plan, but can we get there? Can this vision for a better world
really be achieved? Well, I’m here today because
we’ve run the numbers, and the answer, shockingly, is that maybe we actually can. But not with business as usual. Now, the idea that the world
is going to get a better place may seem a little fanciful. Watch the news every day and the world
seems to be going backwards, not forwards. And let’s be frank: it’s pretty easy to be skeptical
about grand announcements coming out of the UN. But please, I invite you to suspend
your disbelief for just a moment. Because back in 2001, the UN agreed another set of goals,
the Millennium Development Goals. And the flagship target there
was to halve the proportion of people living in poverty by 2015. The target was to take
from a baseline of 1990, when 36 percent of the world’s
population lived in poverty, to get to 18 percent poverty this year. Did we hit this target? Well, no, we didn’t. We exceeded it. This year, global poverty
is going to fall to 12 percent. Now, that’s still not good enough, and the world does still have
plenty of problems. But the pessimists and doomsayers
who say that the world can’t get better are simply wrong. So how did we achieve this success? Well, a lot of it was because
of economic growth. Some of the biggest reductions in poverty
were in countries such as China and India, which have seen rapid
economic growth in recent years. So can we pull off the same trick again? Can economic growth
get us to the Global Goals? Well, to answer that question, we need to benchmark where the world
is today against the Global Goals and figure out how far we have to travel. But that ain’t easy, because the Global Goals
aren’t just ambitious, they’re also pretty complicated. Over 17 goals, there are then 169 targets and literally hundreds of indicators. Also, while some of the goals
are pretty specific — end hunger — others are a lot vaguer — promote peaceful and tolerant societies. So to help us with this benchmarking, I’m going to use a tool
called the Social Progress Index. What this does is measures all the stuff
the Global Goals are trying to achieve, but sums it up into a single number
that we can use as our benchmark and track progress over time. The Social Progress Index basically asks
three fundamental questions about a society. First of all, does everyone have
the basic needs of survival: food, water, shelter, safety? Secondly, does everyone have
the building blocks of a better life: education, information, health
and a sustainable environment? And does everyone have
the opportunity to improve their lives, through rights, freedom of choice,
freedom from discrimination, and access to the world’s
most advanced knowledge? The Social Progress Index sums all this
together using 52 indicators to create an aggregate score
on a scale of 0 to 100. And what we find is that there’s
a wide diversity of performance in the world today. The highest performing country,
Norway, scores 88. The lowest performing country,
Central African Republic, scores 31. And we can add up
all the countries together, weighting for the different
population sizes, and that global score is 61. In concrete terms, that means that the average human being
is living on a level of social progress about the same of Cuba
or Kazakhstan today. That’s where we are today: 61 out of 100. What do we have to get to
to achieve the Global Goals? Now, the Global Goals
are certainly ambitious, but they’re not about turning the world
into Norway in just 15 years. So having looked at the numbers,
my estimate is that a score of 75 would not only be a giant leap forward
in human well-being, it would also count as hitting
the Global Goals target. So there’s our target, 75 out of 100. Can we get there? Well, the Social Progress Index
can help us calculate this, because as you might have noticed, there are no economic indicators in there; there’s no GDP or economic growth
in the Social Progress Index model. And what that lets us do
is understand the relationship between economic growth
and social progress. Let me show you on this chart. So here on the vertical axis,
I’ve put social progress, the stuff the Global Goals
are trying to achieve. Higher is better. And then on the horizontal axis,
is GDP per capita. Further to the right means richer. And in there, I’m now going to put
all the countries of the world, each one represented by a dot, and on top of that I’m going to put
the regression line that shows the average relationship. And what this tells us
is that as we get richer, social progress does tend to improve. However, as we get richer,
each extra dollar of GDP is buying us less and less
social progress. And now we can use this information
to start building our forecast. So here is the world in 2015. We have a social progress score of 61 and a GDP per capita of $14,000. And the place we’re trying to get to,
remember, is 75, that Global Goals target. So here we are today,
$14,000 per capita GDP. How rich are we going to be in 2030? That’s what we need to know next. Well, the best forecast we can find comes
from the US Department of Agriculture, which forecasts 3.1 percent
average global economic growth over the next 15 years, which means that in 2030,
if they’re right, per capita GDP will be about $23,000. So now the question is:
if we get that much richer, how much social progress
are we going to get? Well, we asked a team
of economists at Deloitte who checked and crunched the numbers, and they came back and said, well, look:
if the world’s average wealth goes from $14,000 a year to $23,000 a year, social progress is going to increase from 61 to 62.4. (Laughter) Just 62.4. Just a tiny increase. Now this seems a bit strange. Economic growth seems
to have really helped in the fight against poverty, but it doesn’t seem
to be having much impact on trying to get to the Global Goals. So what’s going on? Well, I think there are two things. The first is that in a way,
we’re the victims of our own success. We’ve used up the easy wins
from economic growth, and now we’re moving on
to harder problems. And also, we know that economic growth
comes with costs as well as benefits. There are costs to the environment, costs
from new health problems like obesity. So that’s the bad news. We’re not going to get to the Global Goals
just by getting richer. So are the pessimists right? Well, maybe not. Because the Social Progress Index
also has some very good news. Let me take you back
to that regression line. So this is the average relationship
between GDP and social progress, and this is what our
last forecast was based on. But as you saw already, there is actually lots of noise
around this trend line. What that tells us, quite simply, is that GDP is not destiny. We have countries that are underperforming on social progress,
relative to their wealth. Russia has lots
of natural resource wealth, but lots of social problems. China has boomed economically, but hasn’t made much headway
on human rights or environmental issues. India has a space program
and millions of people without toilets. Now, on the other hand, we have countries
that are overperforming on social progress relative to their GDP. Costa Rica has prioritized education,
health and environmental sustainability, and as a result, it’s achieving
a very high level of social progress, despite only having a rather modest GDP. And Costa Rica’s not alone. From poor countries like Rwanda
to richer countries like New Zealand, we see that it’s possible to get
lots of social progress, even if your GDP is not so great. And that’s really important,
because it tells us two things. First of all, it tells us that we already
in the world have the solutions to many of the problems
that the Global Goals are trying to solve. It also tells us
that we’re not slaves to GDP. Our choices matter: if we prioritize
the well-being of people, then we can make a lot more progress
than our GDP might expect. How much? Enough to get us
to the Global Goals? Well, let’s look at some numbers. What we know already: the world today
is scoring 61 on social progress, and the place we want to get to is 75. If we rely on economic growth alone, we’re going to get to 62.4. So let’s assume now that we can get
the countries that are currently underperforming on social progress —
the Russia, China, Indias — just up to the average. How much social progress does that get us? Well, that takes us to 65. It’s a bit better, but still
quite a long way to go. So let’s get a little bit more
optimistic and say, what if every country
gets a little bit better at turning its wealth into well-being? Well then, we get to 67. And now let’s be even bolder still. What if every country in the world
chose to be like Costa Rica in prioritizing human well-being, using its wealth for the well-being
of its citizens? Well then, we get to nearly 73,
very close to the Global Goals. Can we achieve the Global Goals? Certainly not with business as usual. Even a flood tide of economic growth
is not going to get us there, if it just raises the mega-yachts
and the super-wealthy and leaves the rest behind. If we’re going to achieve the Global Goals
we have to do things differently. We have to prioritize social progress,
and really scale solutions around the world. I believe the Global Goals
are a historic opportunity, because the world’s leaders
have promised to deliver them. Let’s not dismiss the goals
or slide into pessimism; let’s hold them to that promise. And we need to hold them to that promise
by holding them accountable, tracking their progress all the way
through the next 15 years. And I want to finish by showing you a way to do that, called
the People’s Report Card. The People’s Report Card brings together
all this data into a simple framework that we’ll all be familiar
with from our school days, to hold them to account. It grades our performance
on the Global Goals on a scale from F to A, where F is humanity at its worst,
and A is humanity at its best. Our world today is scoring a C-. The Global Goals are all about
getting to an A, and that’s why we’re going to be updating
the People’s Report Card annually, for the world and for all
the countries of the world, so we can hold our leaders to account to achieve this target
and fulfill this promise. Because getting to the Global Goals will
only happen if we do things differently, if our leaders do things differently, and for that to happen,
that needs us to demand it. So let’s reject business as usual. Let’s demand a different path. Let’s choose the world that we want. Thank you. (Applause) Bruno Giussani: Thank you, Michael. Michael, just one question:
the Millennium Development Goals established 15 years ago, they were kind of applying
to every country but it turned out to be really
a scorecard for emerging countries. Now the new Global Goals
are explicitly universal. They ask for every country to show action
and to show progress. How can I, as a private citizen,
use the report card to create pressure for action? Michael Green: This is a really important
point; it’s a big shift in priorities — it’s no longer about poor
countries and just poverty. It’s about every country. And every country is going to have
challenges in getting to the Global Goals. Even, I’m sorry to say, Bruno,
Switzerland has got to work to do. And so that’s why we’re going to produce
these report cards in 2016 for every country in the world. Then we can really see, how are we doing? And it’s not going to be rich countries
scoring straight A’s. And that, then, I think,
is to provide a point of focus for people to start demanding action
and start demanding progress. BG: Thank you very much. (Applause)

52 Replies to “How We Can Make the World a Better Place by 2030 | Michael Green | TED Talks

  1. I guess things like Trump's 'America first' conflict with the agenda 2030. the goals will never be achieved. especially the first one.

  2. This is a great insight! but he missed out a crucial thing: its OUR responsibility, which is not being addressed. The SDGs and this Index will never be achieved if the governments changed, but we go on with our usual consumerism or if we don´t donate to projects of our choice. WE are the citizens of the world with power to change

  3. If you are and you are talking bullshit Agenda 21/30 UN NWO sustainable development.Every body have your unicorns and shove them!!!!!!!!

  4. These goals need some serious work, zero hunger is a good one but its obvious this was just thrown together with gender inequality as one goal and reduced inequalities as another.

  5. One simple action would fix everything….population control by limiting how many children are born. The world needs to get back to a 5bn global maximum population.

  6. Constantly educating people by putting messages, just like how they advertise music, movies, and products!

  7. So you want the mark of the beast…careful seek Christ if you feel compelled to and he will send someone to ya

  8. Well it 2018 an no change have been occured till now …
    We need something more powerful an innovative way to save our motherland…
    PLZZ …..

  9. You can make the world better by humbling yourself. Repent and Belief in Jesus. Look up agenda 30-30.  it's a United Nations Satanic Plan for Global Slavery. It is Sold to Public by words like Peace, unity, Security etc. Bible predicts this. When they say peace, peace, then sudden destruction comes. Carefull.

  10. Wow this is such garbage. Anyone that agrees from another country just agrees to white people agenda. We have to have hiarchy it's stupid to think otherwise. White man can force us to the global goals and have been promoting it to my native American kids that are forced to learn from you murderers. Now you have the answer to no one dying after you killed 77 million native Americans 100 million a American blacks and 200 million of the Hispanics from top of Mexico to bottom of South America. But now the fruit fell far cuz you hated your father's teaching or you got smarter in disguising it. You want us to assimilate not cooperate. Dang devil's. You have no answers, stop with all you agendas and peace treaties, cuz you will blanket the world you want dead with your blanket of small pox. Garbage this dang lying devil

  11. Unfortunately the Un targeted the wrong enemy with their war against co2. It´s fossil fuels that made the reduction in poverty possible.

  12. You should talk about Geoengineering chemical spraying in our skies…

  13. So everyones cool with a NEW WORLD ORDER? I thought conspiracy theorists were crazy I thought those things were just made up Ideas crazies had. Wow Just say Gender Equality & people jump on board. Funny though equality for all including animals being Poached but not for unborn babies sickening.

  14. The problem is not just resources even though their is enough resources. The problem is to solve the solution instead of the problem. Greed is one of the problems of hungry, poverty, gender as well of climate change.

  15. And what's the Social Progress Index of USA with NO Universal Healthcare and NO free post-secondary education for its citizens? Probably not higher than 30, which is DOUBLE LESS than Socialist Cuba, where people have these HUMANE commodities for granted. Shame on corporate controlled USA!

  16. Don't hold your breath. Agenda 2030 will exist in only one place and will be overseen by the only entity that is able to sustain it with absolute fairness…God.

  17. Откровение 13 глава, 1 часть: Головы зверя, это МИРОВЫЕ державы, которые были связаны с Народом Божьим. 1). ЕГИПЕТ (первая голова зверя); 2).АССИРИЯ; 3).ВАВИЛОН; 4).МИДОПЕРСИЯ; 5).ГРЕЦИЯ; 6).РИМ; 7).ЛИГА НАЦИЙ (голова которой была смертельно ранена, но исцелилась, превратилась в ООН). А "восьмой из числа семи"- это ООН. (Откровение 17: 10,11). ООН- это ЗВЕРЬ, это современная мировая держава, это восьмой рог, от которого три рога были унижены (Германия, Италия, Япония). А блудница, которая управляет зверем, это израильская элита. (Иезекииль 16 глава). С 1 января 2017г. правит ДЕВЯТЫЙ рог (генсек ООН). Правят они по пять лет, или могут быть переизбранными ещё на пять. Это значит, что ДЕВЯТЫЙ рог ООН будет править до 2022 или до 2027г. А потом появится ДЕСЯТЫЙ рог ООН, он будет править или 2022, или с 2027г., если продлят правление ДЕВЯТОМУ рогу ООН. В ООН, в 2015 году приняли 17 задач до 2030 года, до 90 летнего юбилея ООН, зверя на котором сидит блудница. В Откровении 13 главе, 2 части, есть ещё зверь из ЗЕМЛИ, это скорее всего ЭЛЕКТРОННОЕ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВО, e-Government, который и делает людям электронный знак. Вот тайна Писания!!! Всё это можно найти в Википедии: про ООН, генсеков ООН, электронное правительство стран, и на официальном сайте ООН.

  18. Research agenda 21 and you’ll see what the future holds. I hope there are genuinely good people in world leadership who will make another future

  19. It may get better for those still alive and with money.
    The rest will be exterminated.
    How else are they going to achieve zero carbon emissions?
    Wind and solar cannot supply the world's energy needs as it is, so to achieve that goal the population would have to drop – BIG TIME.
    And it will.
    The green agenda papers they publish everywhere use disguised wording to say what they are going to do.
    For example ; one recent piece of company info on LED street lighting mentioned about it ' helping solve the problem of an ageing population'.
    Er, in just what way would it 'solve the problem'?
    They never explained.
    It seems they regard the ageing citizens as a ' problem ' now.

  20. Now in 2019 the U.N. is taking away free speech and flooding all free white country's with millions of migrants . Crime has increased. Citizens have no rights. Agenda 21 and 30 is at work. God help us all.

  21. OK, So now the real question is, who are the people in the audience who can take this information and make the changes needed? probably nobody's like you and me, people who paid a ticket to watch a ted talk. What really fucks me off is that the people who need to hear this message are the rich fucks who have the ability to make the changes necessary..

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *