Future Space News of 2020

Future Space News of 2020

[♪ INTRO] It takes a lot of planning to get to space, and millions or billions of dollars invested
over years, if not decades. So when the big day finally comes to launch
a new mission, it’s some pretty important news. Here are three missions to look forward to
this year, if everything goes according to plan. Every two years, Earth and Mars line up in
such a way that makes it easiest to get to Mars. So this year, we’re gonna be seeing a bunch
of missions beginning a half-year journey to the Red Planet. NASA’s still-unnamed 2020 rover has gotten
most of the spotlight, but it’s not the only Mars mission on the
block. The United Arab Emirates is sending an orbiter, and China is sending three separate spacecraft
all at the same time. But for this segment, we’re gonna focus
on a joint mission by the European and Russian
Space Agencies. They’re working on a rover to look for signs
of life in Mars’s crust. And they’ve named their robot after the woman who gave us the first images of
DNA: Rosalind Franklin. The Rosalind Franklin rover is part of the
ESA’s ongoing ExoMars mission, which has been studying Mars’s thin atmosphere for signs of biological or geological activity
since 2016. Rosalind Franklin will be searching for signs
of life on the ground, though. It’ll launch this summer and, if all goes
well, will touch down in March of 2021. Its destination is a Martian plain called
Oxia Planum, near the planet’s equator. There, former water channels connect Mars’s
southern highlands and northern lowlands. Those channels are covered by lava from ancient
volcanoes, which protected the matter under it from solar
radiation and erosion. And that’s exciting, because if there were
ever organic compounds there, it’s possible they were never broken down. In other words, it’s possible there are
still organic compounds there. That’s a lot of maybes, of course, but we
won’t know unless we look. To hunt for the remnants of life, the rover has a drill that can probe two whole
meters into Mars’s crust, as well as onboard instruments for analyzing
soil samples. Meanwhile, the Russian-made platform that
will deliver the rover will stay put, photographing the landing site, and monitoring
the local atmosphere and climate. Of course, before this duo makes the journey,
the humans behind the mission have to work out some problems with the parachutes
that will slow it down for landing. It’ll take two large parachutes to slow
down this heavy load in Mars’s thin atmosphere, but during tests on Earth, those parachutes
have been tearing. Engineers will need to get those chutes right
to keep Rosalind on target for its 2020 launch. So everybody, cross your fingers! Engineers are also racing to complete new
technology for getting humans into space. Since 2011, NASA has had to buy seats on the
Russian Soyuz spacecraft to send its astronauts to the International
Space Station. But that’s not the most practical arrangement,
so back in 2010, the agency paired with private companies in
the U.S. to develop at least one new craft capable
of delivering humans to space. Now, it’s down to just three projects: NASA’s Orion, SpaceX’s Crew Dragon, and
Boeing’s Starliner. It is now a race to see which one will be
the first to test a crewed launch. It probably will not be Orion, whose crewed
and uncrewed trips are currently facing delays. But the other teams are doing okay. The cargo version of SpaceX’s Dragon has
been delivering supplies to the ISS since 2012. And this March, a version of Dragon capable of supporting human passengers actually
went to space. Unfortunately, though, a month after that
test, the Crew Dragon exploded on the launchpad
while SpaceX was testing its thrusters. The accident also blew up the company’s
plans of testing a crewed launch by the end of last
year. But the company has been hard at work since
then. And if things continue to go well, plans are back on track to send a crew into
space this year. Meanwhile, Boeing’s a little further behind
in the testing phase; their first uncrewed flight just went up last
month. Their capsule, called the CST-100 Starliner,
claims to be reusable up to ten times. And unlike Crew Dragon and NASA’s previous
crewed capsules, Starliner is designed to land, like, on the
land. Not in the ocean. So in addition to the parachutes that slow
its descent, it’s got a bottom full of airbags. As of this past November, neither SpaceX nor
Boeing had met the safety standards for transporting astronauts, so there are
still some hurdles to get past. But both companies are aiming to get the green
light by this summer. Finally, our third highlight for this year has already arrived at the launch facility
at Cape Canaveral. It’s the ESA’s Solar Orbiter, and it has to pass just a few final tests
before it blasts off in February. Over several years, this satellite will enter
a highly tilted orbit around our star. It will give us views of our Sun that we’ve
never seen before, like for the first time, we’ll be able to
see its north and south poles! It might not look that different from the
rest of the Sun, but there’s a lot of interesting physics
happening up there. For example, scientists are hoping to look
at the magnetic field lines around the poles to figure out how the Sun
makes its magnetic field. The Solar Orbiter will also study the Sun’s
heliosphere: a bubble shaped like a windsock that’s filled
with plasma from the Sun and extends beyond all our solar system’s
planets. It won’t get as close to the Sun as NASA’s
Parker Solar Probe, but it has more instruments, so the two spacecraft will team up to tell
us as much about our star as they can. We’ll have to wait a few years before any
results come in, but once we do start getting data, we’ll
have a lot of new science to look forward to. And while there’s a lot of exciting stuff
happening this year, both locally and in interplanetary space,
the things we learn from these missions will give us material for years and years
of research and discoveries. Thank you for watching this episode of SciShow
Space! And a special thanks to our patrons on Patreon,
who make episodes like this possible. If you like what we do and want to help make
science education free for everybody on the internet, find out how you can become part of our patron
community at patreon.com/SciShow. [♪ OUTRO]

100 Replies to “Future Space News of 2020

  1. 2 things u forgot to mention in the list:-
    1. ISRO's Solar Orbiter named ADITYA-L1 to study the Sun.

    2. ISRO's First Unmanned Test Flight for the later Human Flight 'GAGANYAAN' Mission.

  2. I wish there would be this much international teamwork in politics as in space. Much greater achievements could be made ❤️

  3. this dude is fool he didn't mention how both companies are on their final test and orion is going to the moon this year this dude a fool

  4. And again no James Webb. Is it like fusion power where every year we say "only 30 years till it happens"?

    Boeing will likely get the green light due to all those wonderfully large brown envelopes stuffed with cash passing hands in congress. They got lost getting to orbit, their planes are a major death trap yet still fly yet "somehow" they always are the go to guys where as Space X are pretty much tried and tested though cant be brought I guess.

  5. Nasa's Orion has nothing to do with Commercial Crew though… a bit misleading to list it together with the Commercial Crew projects at 2:55

  6. I think you guys need to work on figuring out earth first. Russia is partially in Europe. So it’s not Russia and Europe, it’s just Europe.

  7. "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of launching the James Webb Space Telescope. No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important in the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish."

  8. mission to moon was called appolo. orbits go around sun what that mission called what greek goddess of moon was called ? not main god maybe call the light bolt god as probley not lot light bots in space to study. thought what call study weather on gas giant mission.

  9. It's wonderful to see science move forward in a positive direction. It's a shame geopolitics is going in the opposite direction:(

  10. so many comments blathering about that this general episode about a bunch of different things didn't go in to detail about the topics. Instead of complaining or getting passive aggressive, why not suggest they do videos that go into more detail about the topics you're interested in? Pay attention around you, complaining outright or getting passive aggressive rarely motivate anyone to do anything.

  11. I'm disappointed that Orion is so far behind. I find space corporations a bit icky, but I can always root for NASA

  12. Yeah…lets not send probes to actually interesting places like Europa or Titan that we don't know much about. No lets go do the same thing weve done before so we can have a lil more data on Mars. Smh

  13. Saying that things will happen "this summer" is kind of confusing for people watching in the southern hemisphere…

  14. SpaceX works its employees into relentless submission. Musk has them working extraordinarily long work weeks, and many leave the company out of frustration or better working environments. They aren't unionized, which means Musk works them as much as he can. He exhausts them and looks for the next naive batch of kids who are bright enough yet naive enough to think that this job is a dream job. Thos must be replaced with better working conditions. People don't deserve to be treated like digits.

  15. Why wouldn’t you guys mention that Orion would be taking astronauts to the moon and not Low Earth Orbit were the space station is

  16. First off I just want to say I love the show it's my first time seeing one of your videos! But I would like to say that when you were talking about SpaceX's Crew Dragon and how the craft "Exploded on the Launchpad" is incorrect. The Demo 1 mission "Crew Dragon's first orbital flight" Went as planned and successfully docked to the ISS and made it back home down on earth picture-perfect. But you made it sound as if it Exploded on while on the pad and was unsuccessful, that's all. I was just hoping you would clear that up with people who are watching. They were testing the Crew Dragon about a whole month later and it ended up exploding due to a faulty valve. However, this is why we test and now the problem is solved and fixed with a one-way valve so the fuel won't mix as it did before without it exploding.

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